الخميس، 21 أكتوبر، 2010

من صفحة صور عسكريه من جوجل إيرث

مفأجاه فى قاعدة الصواريخ السوريه التى كتبت عنها صحيفة هأرتس
وإليكم موضوع صحيفة هأرتس

نشرت غوغل في الاسبوع الماضي صورا محدثة بالقمر الصناعي ضمن برنامجها (google earth) كشفت قاعدة لصواريخ أرض من طراز "سكاد" تابعة للجيش السوري في منطقة بلدة عدرة الواقعة على بعد نحو 25 كم الى الشمال الشرقي من دمشق، وتظهر هذه الصور مقاتلين يتدربون في هذه القاعدة على استخدام صواريخ السكاد. كما ذكرت صحيفة "هآرتس".
غوغل ايرث تكشف قاعدة صواريخ ونشاطا عسكريا بسوريا!
الحديث يدور عن تدريبات ينفذها
نشطاء حزب الله
وقالت صحيفة "هآرتس" ان موعد التقاط هذه الصور تم في الـ 22 من اذار الماضي، ويثير الشبهة، حسب هآرتس، بأن الحديث يدور هنا عن تدريبات ينفذها نشطاء حزب الله في هذه القاعدة على استخدام صواريخ السكاد.
واشارت الصحيفة إن الصور بالقمر الصناعي - التي يعرضها برنامج (google earth) تظهر في قاعدة عدرة 5 صواريخ يبلغ طولها نحو 11 مترا (أي مثل طول صواريخ سكاد بي وسي)، كما يمكن في هذه الصور مشاهدة 3 صواريخ محمولة على شاحنات في موقف للشاحنات وصاروخين إضافيين في وسط ساحة تدريبات باتجاه الشرق حيث يمكن رصد 20-25 شخصا ونحو 20 آلية، وتظهر الصور أحد هذين الصاروخين مركّبا على ما يبدو كأنه منصة إطلاق متنقلة وصاروخا آخر موضوعا على الأرض.
كما وداعت "هآرتس" أيضا ان صور (google earth) المحدثة تكشف أعمال بناء واسعة ونشاطا تدريبيا في عدة قواعد عسكرية في أنحاء سوريا بينها قاعدة عدرة التي تعتبر إحدى القواعد الصاروخية الرئيسية الثلاث في سوريا.
ويشار الى ان شركة (google) نشرت الاسبوع الماضي صورا محدثة بالقمر الصناعي لمناطق مختلفة في سوريا علما بان هذه الصور متيسرة لكل متصفح في برنامج (google earth ) على الانترنت، كما قالت الصحيفة.
غوغل ايرث تكشف قاعدة صواريخ ونشاطا عسكريا بسوريا!

أم المفأجاه هو وجود هذا الصاروخ فى القاعده





وهذا ليس صاروخ سكود
بعد ماقمت بقياس طول الصاروخ إتضح ان طوله 9 أمتار وعرضه متر
والمعروف ان طول السكود بمختلف إصدراته من 10 أمتار إلى 11 متر
وهيكل الصاروخ لا يتشابه مع الصاروخ سكود


وبعد البحث عن ماهية هذا الصاروخ
إتضح لى التالى انها الصاروخ
DongFeng 15 (CSS-6) Short-Range Ballistic Missile
وإليكم مواصفات الصاروخ 

DongFeng 15B (CSS-6 Mod-2) Short-Range Ballistic Missile
The DongFeng 15 (Export name: M-9; NATO codename: CSS-6) is a solid-fuel, short-range ballistic missile (SRBM) system developed by CASC China Academy of Rocket Motor Technology (ARMT, also known as 4th Space Academy). The missile became famous during the 1996 Taiwan Strait crisis when the PLA launched several missiles as a warning to Taiwan’s independent trend. It is the only non-nuclear missile in service with the PLA Second Artillery Corps (strategic missile force). The improved variants DongFeng 15B and DongFeng 15C were spotted in service with the PLA recently.
The DongFeng 15 SRBM development began in 1985, and the design proposal was approved by the PLA in 1987. The first test launch took place in June 1987. From the late 1980s to the early 1990s, a range of test launches were conducted in the Gobi Desert in the northwest region of China. Some reports claimed that at least one of these test launches was carried using a nuclear warhead, but this cannot be confirmed. The missile was displayed in the 1988 Beijing International Defence Exhibition. It is believed that a small number had already entered service with the PLA Second Artillery Corps as early as 1989.
Click to enlarge
DongFeng 15B TEL vehicle (Chinese Internet)
The DongFeng 15 missile has been frequently spotted in PLA exercises since the mid-1990s.The 2007 US DoD Report to the Congress estimated that the current deployment of the DongFeng 15 missile is 300~350 missiles and 70~80 launcher systems. Although the missile was also given an export name M-9, it was never exported to any other country. The is mainly due to the restrictions of the he Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), which forbids the export of delivery systems and related technology for those systems capable of carrying more than 500kg payload over a range of 300km or above.
Design
The DongFeng 15 is a road-mobile, single-stage, solid-propellant, short-range ballistic missile system. The missile carries a 500kg single warhead and has a maximum range of 600km. Compared to China’s first generation liquid-propellant surface-to-surface missiles, the use of more advanced solid-fuel motor has significantly reduced the maintaining and pre-launch preparing time.
Click to enlarge
Basic variant DongFeng 15 (Chinese Internet)
The missile is launched from a TAS5450 or WS2400 8X8 transporter-erector-launcher (TEL) vehicle to provide full road and cross-country mobility. In time of crisis the missile system could be quickly mobilised from bases to launch locations by railway. The TEL vehicle then carries the missile to the launch site with pre-calculated coordinate data.
Alternatively the missile can be launched from a unprepared new location by using GPS to obtain coordinate data. To increase the missile’s survivability in the combat, the support units could generate smoke to prevent it from being spotted by the enemy’s air-/space-based reconnaissance and surveillance systems. Mock missiles and TELs may also be deployed nearby as camouflage.
The DongFeng 15 can carry a single nuclear warhead, though the missile was designed mainly for the use in a conventional war. It has a range of warhead types including high-explosive, high-explosive incendiary, and armour-piercing cluster. Other warhead types under development include mine-laying, electromagnetic shockwave, and low-yield nuclear deep-penetration. With a terminal velocity of over Mach 6, the missile is difficult to intercept with any existing missile defence technology.
At least two improved variants of the DongFeng 15 missile have been identified. The DongFeng 15B is fitted with four small fins at midsection for corrections at the final phase of the flight, while the DongFeng 15C has a cylinder shape second-stage possibly for extended range.
Guidance
Click to enlarge
DongFeng 15C with extended second stage (Chinese Internet)
The missile uses the inertial guidance, coupled to a faster on-board computer system to give a high accuracy. The early model has a circular error probable (CEP) of 300~600m, but various improvements on the guidance system has increased the accuracy of the missile to CEP 150~500m. This indicated that the PLA has already possessed the capability of launching a conventional precise-strike in the initial stage of the war to destroy enemy’s command & control centre, air defence missile sites, and airports.
China has also been reportedly seeking to further improve the accuracy of the DongFeng 15 missile by integrating it with the global positioning system (GPS) or a similar indigenously-developed satellite-based navigation and positing system. A terminal radar-guidance system is also under development. With both system onboard the missile’s accuracy may increase to CEP 35~50m.
1995/96 Missile Tests
The PLA conducted two DongFeng 15 tests near the Taiwan Strait in 1995 and 1996 respectively. The New China News Agency announced the test launches shortly before they took place, and warned foreign aeroplanes and ships to avoid entering the target zones. During the first test launch taking place from 21 to 23 July 1995, a total of six missiles were launched from an unknown location in Fujian Province. All missiles were launched between 01:00 to 04:00 hours local time in the early morning to avoid hitting civilian aircraft and ships accidentally. 5 out of 6 missiles reportedly hit the target zone in the public water northwest of Taiwan.
The second test launch took place in March 1996, with two target zones set in the public waters southwest and east of Taiwan respectively. In the early morning (00:00 local time) on 8 March, two missiles were launched almost simultaneously from two launch sites, and both hit two target zones. At around 01:00 local time, another missile was launched from one of the launch vehicles which were involved in the earlier launches to demonstrate its rapid reloading capability. On 12 March the fourth missile was launched and hit the scheduled target zone.
According to the US Navy intelligence, the missile launch and support troops involved in this operation were mobilised from their base in Jiangxi Province to the launch sites over a distance of several hundred kilometres, 60 hours prior to the scheduled launch time. About 20~30 DongFeng 15 missile systems took part in the operation.
Units
  • 815 Brigade
  • 816 Brigade
  • 817 Brigade
  • 818 Brigade
  • 819 Brigade
  • 820 Brigade
Specifications
Official name: DongFeng 15 (DF-15) Export name: M-9 NATO reporting name: CSS-6 Contractor: CASIC 4th Academy Service status: In service Configuration: Single-stage (DF-15) or two-stage (DF-15B, DF-15C), solid propellant Deployment: Road mobile, 6X6 tractor truck + six-wheel trailer; or silo Length: 9.1m (DF-15) Diameter: 1.0m Launch weight: 6,200kg Warhead: 500kg HE Range: 600km (DF-15) Guidance: Inertial + GPS Accuracy: CEP 150~500m; or 30~50m on the later variants Launch preparation time: 15~30 min 



ومعلومات عن الصاروخ والدول التى تمتلكه
من الموقع العالمى www.missilethreat.com

CSS-6 (DF-15/M-9)

Country:  People's Republic of China
Associated Country:  Iran, Pakistan, Libya, Syria, Egypt
Alternate Name:  DF-15/M-9
Class:  SRBM
Basing:  Road mobile
Length:  9.10 m
Diameter:  1.00 m
Launch Weight:  6200 kg
Payload:  Single warhead, 500 kg
Warhead:  Nuclear 90 kT, HE, chemical, EMP, submunitions
Propulsion:  Single-stage solid
Range:  600 km
Status:  Operational
In Service:  ~1990

Details


The CSS-6 is a short-range, road mobile, solid propellant ballistic missile built in the People’s Republic of China (PRC). It is a member of the M family, which began development in 1984. The M type missiles were developed specifically for the purpose of export, and are sold with high explosive warheads. It is believed that the CSS-6, otherwise known as the M-9, was developed for Pakistan and that the CSS-7, or M-11, was created for Syria. The CSS-6 was adopted by the PLA (People’s Liberation Army) as the DF-15 and integrated into the PRC’s armed forces. The CSS-6 is essentially an improved ‘Scud’ missile design.

The tactical use of the CSS-6 is similar to the use of Iraqi ‘Scuds’ in the Gulf War. This involves using the missiles to strike at military targets or to bombard civilian areas outside the range of traditional ordinance. This takes advantage of the range and mobility of the missile’s Transporter-Erector-Launcher (TEL) vehicle. The CSS-6 has double the range of the older ‘Scud’ system, but lacks the previous payload capacity. This lower payload is compensated for by the use of modern high explosives (HE) or nuclear weapons, which results in equivalent damage. The original system was equipped with an inaccurate inertial guidance system that was only sufficient for use against large targets such as airfields, staging areas and military bases. Later versions coupled the inertial guidance with a Global Positioning Satellite (GPS) system, making the missile a viable asset for attacking hardened targets or moving military units. These missiles have insufficient range for use as a strategic asset, but are effective at tactical use, particularly against India and the Republic of China (ROC). In the event of an invasion of Taiwan, they will likely be deployed against crucial defense facilities as well as naval units, airbases, and missile launchers.

The CSS-6 is capable of rapid targeting and does not require wind corrections before launch, due to its inertial guidance system and onboard digital computer. The ability to ignore the wind, combined with the hinged doors on the TEL vehicle top which protect the missiles from the environment allows the CSS-6 to be effectively deployed anywhere in the PRC. The eight-wheeled TEL system and the use of solid propellant makes the system capable of being quickly transported and launched. It also makes the missile difficult to target and destroy, both before and after a missile launch.

The CSS-6 can deliver a payload of 500 kg up to a maximum range of 600 km (373 miles). A 2003 report, however, states that an 800 km range missile was under development.  It would probably have a reduced payload.  In 2005 it was reported that a more accurate version was being built.  Its payload carries a single separating warhead which can be equipped with a 90 kT nuclear device, HE, chemical agents, submunitions, fuel-air explosives (FAE) or an electromagnetic pulse. It is possible that the nuclear device can have a selectable yield of 20 kT, 90 kT, and 150 kT, enabling the missile commander to change the yield based on the target. The missile has an accuracy of 300 m CEP for older models and 30-45 m CEP for the newer GPS upgraded systems. The missile is 9.1 m in length with a diameter of 1.0 m and a launch weight of 6,200 kg.

The M family of export missiles is believed to have entered development in 1984, with the CSS-6 originally designated as the M-9. The first flight test occurred in 1988. The CSS-6 was later adopted by the PLA, and probably entered service in 1990. The modified version with a GPS guidance entered service in 1996. In 1995, the PRC test launched six CSS-6 missiles off the coast of Taiwan, and launched another four in 1996. The most recent flight tests were made in March 2004.  While the PRC reports two brigades with less than one hundred missiles, it is estimated that as many as 360 CSS-6 missiles were in service with the PRC by the end of 2005, with final planned production of 400.

The export numbers for the CSS-6 are extensive. Unconfirmed reports suggest that in 1989, Libya bought around 140 CSS-6 missiles and passed 80 of these to Syria. In addition, there is substantial evidence that either CSS-6 missiles themselves or the technology to manufacture them have been sold to Iran, Pakistan and Egypt. There is no confirmation that China delivered any of these missiles.  A strong possibility exists that both Serbia and North Korea have also deployed these missiles. However, it is important to note that none of these reports regarding the export of CSS-6 missiles have been confirmed.(1)


الصاروخ لدى إيران وباكستان وسوريا ومصر
بالإضافه أن مصر قامت بشراء تكنولوجيا الصاروخ


وهو صاروخ جيد جدآ وأفضل من سكود
مدى الصاروخ 600 كم
الحموله          500 كجم
المراحل          مرحله واحده
ونسبة الخطأ فيه أقل من سكود
ويستطيع حملرأس شديدة الإنفجار أو رأس كيماويه
أو رأس نووى بزنة 90 كيلوطن


صور مكان قاعدة الصواريخ فى سوريا